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Fragile States and Conflict
More on the agenda. Explore context. Explore the latest strategic trends, research and analysis. The Fragile States Index Have you read? Large parts of the world are growing more fragile. Progress in Africa was reflected by Botswana and the Seychelles joining the Stable category. License and Republishing. Written by. Using 12 indicators, the index rates countries on a scale of 0 to 10 for each indicator, with 0 being the most stable while 10 indicates the least stable.
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Download the FSI It includes countries who are members of the UN and on which there is enough data to correlate with the FSI indicators. The 12 indicators fall into four broad categories — Cohesion , Economic , Political , and Social. They are:. Security Apparatus — considers the security threats to a state, and also takes into account serious criminal factors, such as organised crime and homicides, and perceived trust of citizens in domestic security.
Factionalised Elites — considers the fragmentation of state institutions along ethnic, class, clan, racial or religious lines, and also factors in the use of nationalistic political rhetoric by ruling elites, often in terms of nationalism, xenophobia, etc.
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Group Grievance — focuses on divisions and schisms between different groups in society, particularly divisions based on social or political characteristics, and their role in access to services or resources, and inclusion in the political process. Economic Decline and Property — considers factors related to economic decline within a country, and also takes into account sudden drops in commodity prices, trade revenue, or foreign investment, and any collapse or devaluation of the national currency.
checkout.midtrans.com/la-palma-de-cervell-speed-dating.php Uneven Economic Development — considers inequality within the economy, irrespective of the actual performance of an economy. Public Services — refers to the presence of basic state functions that serve the people, such as health, education, water and sanitation, transport infrastructure, electricity and power, and internet and connectivity.
Human Rights and Rule of Law — considers the relationship between the state and its population insofar as fundamental human rights are protected and freedoms are observed and respected. Demographic Pressures — considers pressures upon the state deriving from the population itself or the environment around it.
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Refugees and Intentionally Displaced Persons IDPs — measures the pressure upon states caused by the forced displacement of large communities as a result of social, political, environmental or other causes, measuring displacement within countries, as well as refugee flows into others. External Interventions — considers the influence and impact of external actors in the functioning — particularly security and economic — of a state.
This indicator cuts across all the others. With all these indicators taken into consideration, South Africa scored This puts the country into 88th place on the list, from 85th in However, this still means it is a fragile state. The most improved country this year is Ethiopia, and the least improved is Venezuela, along with Brazil.
The most fragile country in the world, according to the FSI, is Yemen.
In , an African nation ranked for the first time ever in the Very Stable category — Mauritius has become the first country on the continent to achieve this. Meanwhile, Singapore became the first Asian nation to move into the Sustainable category, which is almost the best possible situation, topped only by Very Sustainable. Since achieving its best score of In only four of those years — including — has the trend been positive.
An analysis of the shifts over past decade reveal that South Africa is the 13 th most worsened country just behind the US in 12 th place. The only African country that made it into the top 20 of most improved countries over the past decade countries is Zimbabwe. Most of Africa falls into the lower half of the index.